SOLAR ELECTRICITY. ENGINEERING OF PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS
E. Lorenzo, G. Araujo, A. Cuevas, M. Egido, J. Miñano and R. Zilles

One of the best textbook on Photovoltaics, written by internationally recognized expert engineers and scientists of IES (Solar Energy Institute).
1994    Format: (220 X 160 mm)    Hardcover    Extent: 340 pp.
Price: US$ 75.00


CONTENTS:

PREFACE AND NOMENCLATURE

1 ENERGY PROBLEMS AND PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLUTIONS
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Historical overview
    1.3 Some features of the present-day energy system
    1.4 Problems, risks and uncertainties
    1.5 Photovoltaic solar energy as an alternative
    1.6 Photovoltaic technology and market today
    1.7 Future scenarios

2 THE SOLAR CELL
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 The solar cell
    2.3 Photogeneration of current
    2.4 Dark current
    2.5 Characteristic I-V curve under illumination
    2.6 Equivalent circuit of a solar cell
    2.7 Variations from the basic behavior

3 THE PHOTOVOLTAIC GENERATOR
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 The characteristic I-V curve of a photovoltaic generator
    3.3 The photovoltaic module
    3.4 Connection of photovoltaic modules
    3.5 Miscellaneous

4 THE PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Lead-acid batteries
    4.3 Power conditioning

5 SOLAR RADIATION
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 The nature of solar radiation
    5.3 Movement between sun and earth
    5.4 Estimation of the components of solar radiation
    5.5 Radiation on surfaces of arbitrary orientation
    5.6 Generation of sequences of daily irradiation
    5.7 Diurnal variation of ambient temperature
    5.8 The typical meteorological year
    5.9 Effects of the angle of incidence
    5.10 Shadows and trajectory maps
    5.11 Irradiation on surfaces of special interest

6 SIZING OF STAND-ALONE PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Reliability maps
    6.3 Review of existing methods
    6.4 Proposed method
    6.5 Sizing for high reliability
    6.6 Efficiency of photovoltaic generators
    6.7 Example of sizing

7 APPLICATIONS OF PHOTOVOLTAICS
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Telecommunications
    7.3 Electricity for rural areas
    7.4 Water pumping
    7.5 Connection to the grid
    7.6 Other applications
    7.7 Economic considerations

8 MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY OF SILICON SOLAR CELLS
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Extraction and purification of silicon
    8.3 Crystal growth and preparation of wafers
    8.4 Typical manufacturing process for silicon cells
    8.5 Advanced manufacturing processes
    8.6 Construction of modules
    8.7 Energy invested in the production of photovoltaic modules

9 CONCENTRATION CELLS AND SYSTEMS
    9.1 Purpose of concentration of light in photovoltaics
    9.2 Limits to optical concentration
    9.3 Current situation
    9.4 Achievement of low resistance in the contact grid without shadowing
    9.5 Concentration and confinement of light

COMPLEMENTARY BIBLIOGRAPHY

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